A Short History of Newton Longville
Newton Longville is an ancient village located just outside the boundaries of the new town of Milton Keynes, within the county of Buckinghamshire. The original Anglo Saxon name Newington comes from a combination of the words new, ing meaning a group or tribe of people and ton an enclosure.
The Longville part of the name came later and comes from the link with Longueville-sur-Scie in Normandy, France.
William the Conqueror gave the Manor of Neutone, Newenton or Newinton to Walter de Gifford, shortly after the French invasion of 1066.
Walter died in 1080 and left his estates to his son, also named Walter. He set up an alien cluniac priory in the village around 1150 (i.e. a priory modelled after the abbey church in Cluny, near Lyon in France). The priory was tied to the abbey of Santa Foy (ST. Faith), which his father had founded in Longueville-sur-Scie, on condition that the prior would send monks to help construct a church and teach the Faith to the inhabitants of Newton Longville.
The French remained in control of the manor until the priory was suppressed in1414 by Henry V and the revenues form the village were restored to the Crown. In 1442, Henry VI granted the priory and land to New College, Oxford at an annual rental of 'one red rose'. It was New College that built the manor house on the site of the Norman priory around 1550, using many of the original priory materials.
In 1634 Charles I levied a new tax, known as 'shipmoney', so as to be able to maintain his government and army. It was never approved of by Parliament and the people hated it. Buckinghamshire was assessed and ordered to pay £4,500; and Newton Longville's part was £22. The village residents decided that the tax would be paid in proportion to wealth, ie the richest paid the most.
At the beginning of the Civil War Newton Longville was mainly Royalist in sympathy and in 1644 - 5 the Catholic clergy were replaced by "Godly, diligent and painful preachers".
The Parliament, in 1644, ordered that all 'roods (crucifixion groups), fonts and organs' should be removed from the churches. Newton Longville and Tattenhoe (a near by village) disobeyed this order and Norman fonts still exist in both churches. Newton Longville church still retains its rood stairs although not the rood.
Newton Longville originally developed from three hamlets, London End to the north, Westbrook End to the south west and Moor End to the south east. These names still exist in the village today.
During the Medieval era much building took place in the village. Some of these cottages are still in existence today.
The last few years have bought some of the most significant changes to the village. For 150 years it had been a brickmaking village, but in 1990 the brickyard was closed, with the loss of many local jobs.
Newton Longville has many amenities of a village, Two churches, a primary school, a public house, a restaurant, a sub-post office, convenience store, a take away and two hairdressers. Its also has a village hall and a community hall (Longueville Hall) with recreational area called Hammond Park. The housing in the village is mostly private, but there are a number of council houses and old people's bungalows and a small number of flats.
The center of the village is around the church, on the crossroads of Whaddon Road, Bletchley Road, Drayton Road and Stoke Road. This was the site of the old village green, originally called Stock Green, because of the old village stocks. The stocks survived until the 1930's, when, as the story goes a traveller of the road used them as firewood.
The current population is about 2000.